Individual Subcontracting Reports (ISRs)

As a reminder, Other Than Small Businesses (OTSB) {also known as large businesses eSRS Home Page(LB)} are required to submit their Individual Subcontract Reports via the Electronic Subcontract Reporting System (eSRS) by 30 April 2015 (prime contractors and applicable large business first tier subcontractors).  Throughout the course of my blog I have posted several articles on the reporting requirements, you can review the following posts for further guidance:

For addition information you can visit the eSRS site for training guides and sample reports.

2014 NDAA Allows Prime Contractors to Count Lower Tier Small Businesses

For a quick break in the current series, I want to briefly talk about an upcoming change in small business subcontracting resulting from the 2014 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).  On 26 December 2013 President Obama signed the NDAA into law.  While there is much discussion on funding levels for the Department of Defense (DoD) and its programs, there are other features of the NDAA of interest to DoD OSBP Image 2federal small business interest groups.  Specifically, prime contractors will be able to count lower tier small business contractors towards the prime contractor’s small business subcontracting goals.  Based on what is known today, it should be noted the new policy allowing primes to count lower tier small business subcontractors won’t eliminate the prime contractor’s responsibility to make a good-faith effort to meet negotiated 1st tier subcontracting requirements.

The objective of this post is to put this concept in front of prime contractors and 1st tier large business subcontractors to use this lead time to prepare for implementation by the Small Business Administration (SBA).  That said, it will be 18-24 months, or longer, before the change is reflected in the acquisition regulations.  In fact, SBA hasn’t issued many final regulations from the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, despite statutory deadlines set by Congress.  In the meantime large business contractors can take several steps that will prove beneficial regardless of the exact language in the regulations.  In addition to the points raised in my 21 May 2013 post Small Business Utilization Monitoring and Reporting the attributes of a successful small business program are highlighted below:

  1. Ensure the Small Business Liaison Officer post is filled and has a direct report capability to senior leadership in the organization.
  2. Update small business utilization policies and procedures.
  3. Assess the strength and effectiveness of small business outreach program.
  4. Conduct compliance of the prime’s subcontracting program.  The SBA recommends a five year look back.
  5. Conduct initial (as required) and periodic training for employees involved with subcontracting.  The project manager and support staff will require additional assistance to effectively manage the new requirements.
  6. Update small business source lists.
  7. Ensure the proper flowdown of small business subcontracting clauses.
  8. Ensure adequate controls are in place for 1st tier large business subcontracting plan compliance.

Several questions come to mind as we wait for implementation over the next 18-24 months:

  1. Will this impact subcontracting goals for the agencies and primes?
  2. Will the new requirements change the distribution of subcontracting goals within some of the agencies?

In summary, the change probably won’t happen too quickly and there will most likely be more scrutiny placed on prime contractors for enforcement of the requirements at all tiers.  I believe this change will be manageable, but it will be made easier with advance preparation.

Federal Small Business Reporting



This month Other Than Small Business (OTSB) {also known as a large business (LB)} contractors and subcontractors (those holding a contract or subcontract in excess of $650,000 or $1,500,000 for construction) are required to submit their Individual Subcontract Reports (ISR) and Summary Subcontract Reports (SSR) via the Electronic Subcontract Reporting System (eSRS). For some construction projects this can be a time consuming event given the large number of subcontractors.  My typical client has 30 to 90 subcontractors depending on the size of the project.  On May 21st I authored a piece highlighting Small Business Utilization Monitoring and Reporting requirements.  This post calls into action the tips and techniques covered in that post as 30 September 2013 marked the end of the most recent reporting period.  The ISRs and SSRs are due within 30 days of that date.

Individual Subcontract Plan Reporting

The ISR reporting period is 1 April – 30 September and the project team (or group responsible for managing reporting) should have collected and categorized all of the subcontract awards related to the contract.  It is beneficial to start the reporting process early so it can be broken down into several discreet steps creating a more manageable process reducing interference with regular tasks the project team completes on a daily or weekly basis.  Below is an overview of the basic steps for those reporting on small business to complete:

  • Collect and organize all of the subcontract award data (i.e. business name, award date, and amount) made during the period sorting by business type, OTSB, WOSB, SDVOSB, etc.  This can be accomplished using Excel, Access, certain contract / project management databases, or paper and pencil.
  • Ensure the required self-certifications and HUBZone certifications are collected and reviewed for accuracy.
  • Ensure the correct subcontracting plan goals are entered for the ISR to be submitted.
  • Enter the required data in the eSRS ISR reporting tool.  There are several useful step by step guides with detailed instructions on the eSRS site.  Of note the ISR tool will calculate the participation rate percentages for you, although I prefer to calculate the small business (SB) participation rates prior to beginning the process.
  • If required, enter an appropriate remark explaining why goals have not been met.  Regardless if the goals are or are not being met, the team buying out the subcontracts should keep detailed notes on the bidding for each bid package.  This is very valuable information to use for remarks in the ISR in addition to any future contract work in the same region.

Summary Subcontract Reporting

There are a few differences between the ISR and the SSR in addition to a couple of tips that are worth noting.

  • The SSR is a fiscal year summary of Federal subcontracting activity reported by agency.  The more contracts and agencies a company works with the more complex the process becomes.  A common mistake I see is firms incorrectly totaling all of the ISRs for a particular agency and reporting that number.  ISRs are reports documenting subcontracting activity for the life of a contract.  Using the ISR in this manner will inflate the data in the SSR.
  • SSRs are reported at the agency level which creates one or more confusing aspects of submitting the SSR of “who”  or “where” to send it to from the range of choices available on the drop down menu.  The good thing is most agency personnel are very good at directing reports to the correct destination.
  • Similar to the ISR, there are several guides available on the eSRS site containing detailed instructions.  I recommend using the guides as they are helpful.

DoD Office of Small Business Programs (OSBP) recently updated is policy on SSRs and the Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB) participation report.  Highlights from the notice distributed several weeks ago are included below:

  • Starting in FY 2014 the SSR submission will be submitted once per year matching civilian agency requirements.
  • For FY 2013 reporting, contractors submit their consolidated SSR in eSRS to the Department of Defense (9700) and NOT to the department/agency which administers the majority of their subcontract plans.
  • For FY 2013 contractors should not submit the SDB participation report as they are no longer authorized since 10 U.S.C. 2323 expired.  For further guidance go to:


  • Don’t procrastinate starting the reporting process and make sure time is left to review the data for accuracy and completeness.
  • If you have delegated the responsibility for data entry of the ISR, make sure you review the material before it is submitted.  Any errors will find their way back to you.
  • CEO or Senior VPs are required to sign the SSR, make sure they know the report is being submitted and they are briefed on the contents of the report.  Too often I have seen an electronic signature from the reporting authority used and not back-briefed on the event.

Small Business Utilization Monitoring and Reporting

In previous posts about small business subcontracting I have discussed activities along the small business planning continuum ranging from outreach efforts to putting a subcontracting plan in to action.  After project award the real work of a small business subcontract plan begins and this activity must be documented semi-annually in the Electronic Subcontract Reporting System (eSRS).  This series ends with an article addressing the monitoring and reporting requirements associated with a typical federal construction project.


Typically the Subcontracting Plan is administered by the Administrative Contracting Officer (ACO) for the government and the Small Business Liaison Officer (SBLO) for the prime contractor.  The ACO is responsible for monitoring, evaluating, and documenting contractor performance on behalf of the award agency.  Therefore, establishing an adequate program to monitor your small business program is important so the program is effectively and efficiently run.  Ultimately the success of a company’s small business program is an integral part of a firm’s business development efforts.  Failure to meet small business goals on federal projects can reflect negatively when responding to future proposals.

Feature of an adequate program:

  • Your company has a published policy letter from the Chief Executive Officer supporting the program.
  • The SBLO maintains documentation of meetings with top management on the status of the program.
  • The SBLO reports directly to senior leadership and depicted on the company organizational chart.
  • The small business policies and procedures are published and distributed to project teams.
  • Individuals directly involved with the program have received training on the small business program and the federal requirements.
  • Self-certification are reviewed, tracked to ISRs and SSRs, and retained for compliance reviews.
  • HUBZone Small Business certifications are verified through the SBA (FAR 52.219-8(d)(2).


eSRS Home Page

Reporting small business utilization on federal projects is one of several post-award compliance tasks for large businesses (FAR 52.219-9(d)(10)(iii)).  Reporting is accomplished via eSRS.  Two types of reports are required, the Summary Subcontract Report (SSR) and the Individual Subcontract Report (ISR).

The SSRs collects prime and subcontractors award data for a specific agency during the given fiscal year.  Reporting periods:

For Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA:

  • 1 October – 31 March
  • 1 October – 30 September

For Non DoD agencies:

  • 1 October – 30 September

Reports are due 30 days after the reporting period ends.

The ISR collects prime contractor and subcontractor award data on a project basis over the life of the project.  Unlike SSRs the data carries over each year.  Reporting periods:

  • 1 October – 31 March
  • 1 October – 30 September

Reports are due 30 days after the reporting period ends.

Two common techniques to monitor participation include the use of the spreadsheets or a contract management database program.  Either technique is acceptable; the method used is dependent on which is most compatible with the IT maturity of the firm.  Related to my post on 30 January 2013 “Small Business Outreach and Database Management”, the level of effort in fulfilling the reporting requirements is affected by the capabilities, or lack of, with your contract management or small business utilization tracking tool (spreadsheets).

Reporting Tips:

  • A database can reduce the level of effort to complete the reporting requirements.  For example, Primavera Contract Manager and Prolog can both be modified at the company level to facilitate the reporting process.
  • Develop a consistent methodology to help project teams collect, document, and store self-certifications.  Per 13 CFR 121.411(a), a subcontractor must qualify and self-certify as a small business at the time it submits its offer as a small business subcontractor. Do not retroactively apply small business subcontracting accomplishments. (eSRS Quick Reference Guide)
  • Visit the eSRS website, there are numerous guides, step-by-step samples, and instructional videos to assist with the reporting process.
  • Don’t wait until the last minute to start the reporting process.
  • Throughout the reporting period make sure the project team is collecting information on subcontract awards, self-certifications, and the bid history for each subcontract to document good faith efforts.
  • Review self-certification against System for Award Management (SAM) or the SBA Dynamic Small Business Search (DSBS).  Occasionally small businesses will inadvertently check the incorrect subcategory or miss one entirely.  The effort in due diligence will help the large business and the small business.
  • Under current regulations a self-certification form must be collected for each small business for each project. (SBA SBLO Handbook)

Common trends I find during subcontracting programs reviews for clients:

  • Self-certifications are completed incorrectly resulting in missed or inaccurate small business credit for the prime contractor.
  • The tracking tool used has math errors or small businesses are not categorized according to their self-certification.
  • Summary Subcontract Reports (SSRs) contain more than one fiscal year of data.
  • ISRs are not submitted in a timely manner.
  • ISRs contain insufficient information documenting good faith efforts and are rejected by the Contracting Officer or ACO.